Stuck in the Mud

JapanYou may have read that the U.S. stock market was buoyed to new record highs by news that Japan was stimulating its economy. And you might have wondered about the connection.

Over the last 25 years, the Japanese economy and stock market have been remarkable stories, but not in a good way. As the chart shows, if you had invested all your retirement money in Japan’s Nikkei 225 Index in December of 1989, and held stoically during the long downturn, your patience would have been rewarded with overall losses of more than 50%; that is, your $1 million nest egg would be worth somewhere around $450,000. The second chart shows that Japan’s real economic growth has been anemic for the past 25 years, especially when compared with the U.S. The country has experienced chronic deflation, low consumer spending, repeated recessions, more government debt per unit of GDP (by far) than any other nation–and, more recently, labor shortages and low female participation in the labor force.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has vowed to fix all of this with heavy government intervention in the markets. His so-called “Abenomics” policies are flooding the Japanese economy with cash in hopes of stimulating inflation, raising government welfare and public works spending to record levels, lowering corporate tax rates, changing childcare policies so that more women will enter the workforce, encouraging free trade, deregulating many protected industries (notably farming and healthcare) and lowering the barriers to foreign direct investment.

How is it working so far? As you can imagine, special interests are fighting against lowering trade barriers and corporate reform, and consumers are waiting to see signs of inflation before they open their wallets. The Japanese economy still seems to be stuck in neutral.

So when the Bank of Japan, just a few days ago, announced that it was going to buy $721 billion worth of Japanese bonds each year, in a new initiative to create new money for the economy, global traders sat up and took notice. They were betting that, finally, the Japanese government had found the formula, and the resolve, to shock the zombie economy back to life. Even so, it’s hard to see why U.S. stocks would cheer the news. Japan only buys an estimated 4.5% of all U.S. exports, so even a big boost is only modestly good news for U.S. companies. In fact, you could argue that a resurgent Japanese economy would create more competition for U.S. exporters.

Is Japan now poised to return to the global economic preeminence that the country enjoyed during the 1980s? Probably not. At best, Abenomics and the new stimulus might lead Japan back to a more normal economic growth pattern, and allow its long-suffering shareholders a chance to finally get the returns that investors in virtually every other country have enjoyed. Meanwhile, 25 years of economic stagnation and declining markets may be a cautionary tale for the U.S.. If the central bank and the government don’t take forceful action when the economy goes into a severe funk, the longer they wait, the harder it is to revive the patient.

Sources:

http://www.tofugu.com/2014/09/19/the-3-arrows-of-abenomics-explained/

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/01/upshot/what-the-bank-of-japans-surprise-move-means-for-the-global-economy.html?_r=0&abt=0002&abg=1

 

About Objectively Speaking

Tom Batterman, founder of Vigil Trust & Financial Advocacy and Financial Fiduciaries, LLC is in the business of representing the best financial interests of his clients. Having provided objective, fee-only financial management services for over two decades, he specializes in managing the investment and related financial affairs of individuals and mutual insurance companies who do not have the time, interest or expertise to manage such matters on their own. As an objective, unbiased professional who takes on a fiduciary responsibility to his clients, he guides clients to the financial decisions they would make themselves if they had years of training and experience and the time and expertise to fully research and understand all of their options. Founded in 2010 as an outgrowth of Vigil Trust & Financial Advocacy, Financial Fiduciaries, LLC is a financial management solution for individuals and mutual insurance companies who recognize they do not have the time, interest or expertise to properly attend to their financial matters on their own. While there are many financial “advisors”, most of them have investment products to sell and the “advice” they provide is geared toward getting their clients to engage in a purchase. As one of the rare subset of advisors known as “fiduciary advisors”, Financial Fiduciaries does not sell any investment product so its guidance is not compromised by conflicts of interest which plague ordinary advisors. Prior to his employment in the financial industry in financial advocacy and trust positions, he worked at a private law practice in the Wausau area in the areas of estate planning, tax, retirement planning, corporate organizations and real estate. He is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the UW-Madison Law School and has during his career held Series 7, 24 and 65 securities licenses. A longtime resident of the Wausau, Wisconsin Area, Tom is active in the community. He enjoys golf, curling, skiing, fishing, traveling and spending time with his family.
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